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A Queen Anne Style Villa - The Grove, Coburg




A Queen Anne Style Villa - The Grove, Coburg





This neat Queen Anne style villa may be found in The Grove, the elm lined and most prestigious street in the inner Melbourne suburb of Coburg.

Built between Federation (1901) and the Great War (1914), the choice of red brick to construct the villa with is very in keeping with the Arts and Crafts Movement, as is the shingling and the rough cast stucco of the bargeboard underneath the gable. Unusually, it also has a large vent at the apex of the finnial capped gable, and two bay windows side by side (which does not often appear on houses of this age or size in Australia). The Art Nouveau stained glass windows in both bay windows feature stylised roses in the upper panes and garlands in the lower.

Queen Anne style, which was mostly a residential style inspired by the Arts and Crafts movement in England, but also encompassed some of the more stylised elements of Art Nouveau, which gave it an more decorative look. Queen Anne style was most popular around the time of Federation. With complex roofline structures and undulating facades, many Queen Anne houses fell out of fashion at the beginning of the modern era, and were demolished.

Queen Anne style houses with their complex gables challenged the formality of the mid and high Victorian styles that preceded it, and were often designed with uniquely angular floor plans. This house appears to be no exception to the rule as it has a side entry rather than a front one, which suggest a less traditional layout.

The Grove, was part of the Moreland Park Estate. This was Coburg's most prestigious subdivision in the 1880s. In 1882 Charles Moreland Montague Dare, a St Kilda businessman, bought Jean Rennie's forty acre farm and, with his architect, T. J. Crouch, subdivided thirty acres of it into 147 allotments. The Grove was originally christened Moreland Grove after its owner. A covenant was placed on the subdivision prohibiting the building of hotels or shops, or any house under the value of 400 pounds. By 1890 there were twenty-four brick houses on the estate, twenty one of them owned by Charles Moreland Montague Dare himself. There was a caretaker to tend the streets, the wooden pavilion and the tennis courts, which soon became a bowling rink to suit the more sedate interests of the residents. Men of substance, including a banker, a merchant, a manufacturer and several civil servants and accountants lived on the estate and the Moreland Park Ladies' College in The Grove offered a genteel education. By the 1890s the Melbourne property boom had burst and by 1900 there were still only twenty seven houses in The Grove and many vacant allotments; Charles Moreland Montague Dare's own place at "Moreland Park", a ten acre property on Merri Creek, added to the rural atmosphere. In 1896 Dare fell into financial difficulties and had to transfer many of his properties to the Australian Widows' Fund Life Assurance Society. In 1900 he owned only seven houses, a few allotments and Moreland Park. He died in 1919.











An Arts and Crafts Style Villa - The Grove, Coburg




An Arts and Crafts Style Villa - The Grove, Coburg





Set well back from the road amid a beautiful garden of flowering camelias and green diosmas, this smart Reformist (Arts and Crafts) style villa may be found in The Grove, the elm lined and most prestigious street in the inner Melbourne suburb of Coburg.

Built between Federation (1901) and the Great War (1914), the choice of red brick to construct the villa with is very in keeping with the Arts and Crafts Movement, as is stuccoed brick treatment to all but the feature bricks that appear on the facade. The the restrained use of decoration - most noticably the geometric design to either side of the windows is also a classic Australian Arts and Crafts feature. The stained glass windows featuring a geometric pattern are more Art Nouveau influenced. What is perhaps the most unusual feature of this house is the folly treatment of the bay window, which appears to be held up by two chains which are fastened up under the gable. Whilst this can be seen elsewhere around Australia, it is a far less common architectural feature.

Arts and Crafts houses challenged the formality of the mid and high Victorian styles that preceded it, and were often designed with uniquely angular floor plans. However, this house's floor plan appears to be more traditional than others, with a central hallway off which the principal rooms were located.

The Grove, was part of the Moreland Park Estate. This was Coburg's most prestigious subdivision in the 1880s. In 1882 Charles Moreland Montague Dare, a St Kilda businessman, bought Jean Rennie's forty acre farm and, with his architect, T. J. Crouch, subdivided thirty acres of it into 147 allotments. The Grove was originally christened Moreland Grove after its owner. A covenant was placed on the subdivision prohibiting the building of hotels or shops, or any house under the value of 400 pounds. By 1890 there were twenty-four brick houses on the estate, twenty one of them owned by Charles Moreland Montague Dare himself. There was a caretaker to tend the streets, the wooden pavilion and the tennis courts, which soon became a bowling rink to suit the more sedate interests of the residents. Men of substance, including a banker, a merchant, a manufacturer and several civil servants and accountants lived on the estate and the Moreland Park Ladies' College in The Grove offered a genteel education. By the 1890s the Melbourne property boom had burst and by 1900 there were still only twenty seven houses in The Grove and many vacant allotments; Charles Moreland Montague Dare's own place at "Moreland Park", a ten acre property on Merri Creek, added to the rural atmosphere. In 1896 Dare fell into financial difficulties and had to transfer many of his properties to the Australian Widows' Fund Life Assurance Society. In 1900 he owned only seven houses, a few allotments and Moreland Park. He died in 1919.









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